MBBS in English means Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. In Latin, it means Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. But, the latest combined Latin and English version gives us Medicinae Baccalaureus and Bachelor of Surgery and hence, we have MBBS. This is a degree awarded to students on completion of their graduation from a medical school. Different countries award the students with different degrees for the same. For example, traditionally, colleges in China awarded the students with Bachelor of Medicine (BMED). One thing that can be easily agreed upon is that a student who has graduated from a medical school or college is awarded with a MBBS or an equivalent of it (some countries refer to MBBS as MD, Doctor of Medicine).
There are a number of ways through which a student can get admission in the MBBS course. But, a necessary condition to be able to practice in India now is the NEET for MBBS. An MBBS course in India is of five years. India has always placed huge emphasis on education and this hold true for the MBBS course as well. Medical Council of India has clearly defined and strict guidelines about the curriculum to be followed in the MBBS course. The institutes which fail to stick to these guidelines for MBBS course are often at the receiving end of Medical Council of India’s ire, which include de-recognition as well.
Another way for pursuing an MBBS course is studying abroad. Every year lakhs of students appear for the NEET exam. Although they are able to qualify the NEET exam but miss the target of taking admission in a good college in India. So, the next best option for them is to take admission in one of the foreign countries as per their reference in a good MBBS college. There are a number of countries that offer MBBS course similar to what is offered in India, some examples are Nepal and Bangladesh.
The students get to study a number of subjects during their MBBS course. In the first year of MBBS, there are 3 subjects, Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry. In the second year of MBBS, there is pathology, microbiology, Pharmacology and Forensic medicine. After that, for two more years of MBBS, there are clinical subjects that consist of Preventive and Social Medicine, Ophthalmology and ENT in third year. In final year, the students study Medicine, Surgery (including orthopedics), Pediatrics and Gynecology & Obstetrics. Then, the student has to do a compulsory internship of one year at the end of MBBS course. Almost a similar pattern holds for students who aspire to study in foreign countries, though the number of years may differ.