Full form of MBBS

MBBS Full Form

The Full Form of MBBS in English means Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. In Latin, it means Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. But, the latest combined Latin and English version gives us Medicinae Baccalaureus and Bachelor of Surgery and hence, we have MBBS. This is a degree awarded to students on completion of their graduation from a medical school. Different countries award the students with different degrees for the same. For example, traditionally, colleges in China awarded the students with Bachelor of Medicine (BMED). One thing that can be easily agreed upon is that a student who has graduated from a medical school or college is awarded with a MBBS or an equivalent of it (some countries refer to MBBS as MD, Doctor of Medicine).


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How to pursue MBBS

There are a number of ways through which a student can get admission in the MBBS course. But, a necessary condition to be able to practice in India now is the NEET for MBBS. An MBBS course in India is of five years. India has always placed huge emphasis on education and this hold true for the MBBS course as well. Medical Council of India has clearly defined and strict guidelines about the curriculum to be followed in the MBBS course. The institutes which fail to stick to these guidelines for MBBS course are often at the receiving end of Medical Council of India’s ire, which include de-recognition as well.

Another way for pursuing an MBBS course is studying abroad. Every year lakhs of students appear for the NEET exam. Although they are able to qualify the NEET exam but miss the target of taking admission in a good college in India. So, the next best option for them is to take admission in one of the foreign countries as per their reference in a good MBBS college. There are a number of countries that offer MBBS course similar to what is offered in India, some examples are Nepal and Bangladesh.

Subjects in MBBS

The students get to study a number of subjects during their MBBS course. In the first year of MBBS, there are 3 subjects, Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry. In the second year of MBBS, there is pathology, microbiology, Pharmacology and Forensic medicine. After that, for two more years of MBBS, there are clinical subjects that consist of Preventive and Social Medicine, Ophthalmology and ENT in third year. In final year, the students study Medicine, Surgery (including orthopedics), Pediatrics and Gynecology & Obstetrics. Then, the student has to do a compulsory internship of one year at the end of MBBS course. Almost a similar pattern holds for students who aspire to study in foreign countries, though the number of years may differ.

Career options after MBBS
The syllabus for the degree of MBBS is a through study of the topics, anatomy, pharmacology, pathology as well as community health & medicine, paediatrics, and surgery. This gives the students an opportunity to understand their interests and select a specialization to carry on n with their majors and practising medicine.

Nephrology, Cardiology, Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc are among some of the career specialisations for MBBS students.

During the year the students spend in internships, they can work either at hospitals or in health care centers taking up roles of consultants, physicians and other medical assistants. They can also get involved with the government and return to the society, as a doctor, your knowledge and conduct public awareness conferences on topics like diseases, medicines, health and fitness, etc. This will give you a good exposure and a sneak peek of what is to unfold.

After successful completion of the medical internship, the students will be entitled to the term doctors and can register with the Medical Council of India (MCI). The next decision depends on whether you wish to work in the health field as doctors or pursue higher education in medical fields and go for MD/MS. Even if you wish to go with the latter, you can still be research associates and work with the pharmaceuticals. In addition to this, the students may also take Combined Medical Services Examination, which helps them get employed at central government organisations, like hospitals, defence sector, railways, and with the local/state government.

Eligibility criteria for MBBS:

Educational criteria: The students who wish to take up MBBS must have passed Class XII/higher secondary/pre-university qualifying examination with Science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/Botany. The students are also expected to have studied English as a main for their qualifying exams.

Age criteria: The age criteria requires the students to be of 17 years at the time of admissions.

Visit the official website of Medical Council of India (MCI), who are the regulatory authorities for MBBS to understand the additional eligibility conditions as mentioned by them.


Anatomy Dermatology & Venereology
Biochemistry Medicine
Physiology Obstetrics & Gynecology
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Ophthalmology
Microbiology Orthopaedics
Pathology Otorhinolaryngology
Pharmacology Paediatrics
Anesthesiology Psychiatry
Community Medicine Surgery

These theory subjects of the 5 year 6 months course not only makes the students thorough on the topics, but also makes them The internship and the volunteering makes them develop their professional skills and also be duty ridden towards society.

FAQ about MBBS

Q. What is MBBS called in USA?

Ans: in USA, the UG course in medicine is called MD . So MD of USA is equivalent to MBBS in India.

Q. Which is higher MD or MBBS?

Ans: MD is higher than MBBS in India. MBBS is UG course after class 12th. To pursue MBBS ( Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), Students need to take NEET UG exam. Once a student is MBBS, you can pursue MD that is PG course after taking NEET PG in India

Q: Is an MBBS a doctor?

Ans: MBBS is a allopathic doctor which is most common form of medical practice or modern for of medicine. Most of big hospitals, treatments around us follow allopathic was of treatment. Other forms of medicine are Ayurvedic or Homeopathic.

Q. How can I do MBBS after 12th?

Ans: Student can do MBBS after class 12th by appearing in a national entrance exam called NEET

Q. Can I complete MBBS in 4 years?

Ans: In India, MBBS is a 4.5 calender years course followed by 1 year of mandatory internship.  So you can complete MBBS in minimum 5.5 years provided you clear NEXT exam.

Q. Can we join MBBS without NEET?

Ans: No. Students can’t join MBBS course without NEET

Q: What are the 19 subjects in MBBS?

Ans: The subjects in MBBS are Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, Pharmacology and Forensic medicine.

Q. Which country is best for MBBS?

Ans : Other than our home country India, China and Philippines are good countries to pursue MBBS. Then few universities like Tashkent medical Academy in Uzbekistan, AL FARABI KAZAKH NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, KAZAKHSTAN  are good options.

Q: Can a average student study MBBS?

Ans : Yes. Average student an study MBBS if you work hard and put focus. You need to qualify NEET . You may not get a seat in India due to high competition but can surely can seats in top MBBS universities of abroad.

Q: At what age is MBBS completed?

Ans : In India, MBBS is 5.5 years course. So age completion is start age +5.5 years.

Q: What is the total fees of MBBS?

Ans : Fees for an MBBS degree course varies for the institutes of different categories. Fee in a government college ranges between Rs 10000 – Rs 50000 per year  whereas that of a private medical college, can start from Rs 8,00,000 and can go up to Rs 22,00,000 per year in India. In aborad government universities, fee range is about 2,00,000-3,00,000  per year

Q: Which country has lowest fees for MBBS?

Ans: Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan are two countries with lowest fees.

Q: Which country pays highest salary to doctors?

Ans: The answer is not clear. Based on average data, doctors in USA , UK, Australia, Canada, Germany and Italy are paid highest salaries.

Q: How many hours MBBS students study?

Ans : Other than lecture hours, 4-6 hrs of self study is must for all MBBS students

Q: Which is the toughest subject in MBBS?

Ans: microbiology taught in second year is toughest subject in MBBS as per feedback received.

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