32% more Govt. MBBS seats than Private MBBS SEATS
According to Union Health Minister, the total number of MBBS seats across the country has increased by over 36% over the past five years, with the South accounting for nearly 40% of seats. The number of undergraduate medical colleges in the nation has grown by 27.5% over the last five years, with government colleges experiencing a growth that is almost twice as high as that of private medical colleges.
36 percent more MBBS seats over five years
When compared to private colleges, the rise in government colleges for MBBS seats is more than twice as great. The overall number of undergraduate MBBS seats increased from 67,523 in 2017–18 to 91,927 in 2022–23, a gain of 24,404 seats or around 36%, during the course of five years.
Nearly 39% (35,500 seats) of the 91,127 MBBS seats available nationwide are offered by colleges in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. Nearly 59% of the seats in the five southern states are divided between Karnataka (10,145 seats) and Tamil Nadu (10,725 seats).
Planned increases in the number of medical seats
Additionally, there are initiatives being taken to strengthen or upgrade current state government/central government medical institutes in order to boost MBBS and PG seats, which are being financed by the government at large. 75 projects have been approved as part of a central sector programme to upgrade government medical colleges through the construction of super specialised blocks.
The minister informed the Lok Sabha that the government has implemented a number of measures to expand the number of undergraduate and graduate seats, including a centrally supported programme for the development of new medical colleges by improving district/referral hospitals, within which 157 new medical colleges have already been approved and 72 are already operational.
1:854 doctor-to-patient ratio
The minister of state for health, stated that India’s doctor-to-population ratio of 1:854 is higher than the benchmark of 1:100 set by the World Health Organization. In addition, she stated that there are 13 lakh allied healthcare professionals and 34.33 lakh registered nurses nationwide.
According to her, the National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions (NCAHP) Act, 2021, was passed by the government in order to quickly increase the number of allied medical seats in the nation. Its provisions also call for the notification of an interim commission.
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