Many of the population in India wish to settle down in abroad. There are many foreign nations which attracts Indians to settle their life there. Among those nations, Canada holds eighth position according to the percentage of Indian population migrated.  Every year marks the migration of around thousands of Indians to Canada, in many ways like students and as workers.


This article is to review various ways to migrate to Canada. Canada provides many options like study options, work programs and many more to get migrated and settle there. This article is mainly to introduce some of these programs for the interested.


There are many programs for immigration to Canada which comes under economic class and family class immigration. Express Entry programs, Provincial Nominee Programs are some of those options. There are more than 100 programs like this.

Canadian federal government includes a department called- Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada– short as IRCC, to provide the services of immigration to Canada. IRCC usually post the time approximately taking to complete the procedure of immigration. Now days, due to the pandemic situation of Covid-19, the application process have a backlog. But still, many Indians are migrating to Canada.

IRCC website also gives details about the total expenditure for immigration process. Along with the processing fees, there are fees for language test, medical test and so on. IRCC usually give up to date information related to financial matters more than any other websites. 


Different ways to immigrate to Canada


Here we introduce about 5 different ways to settle in Canada. They are-



  • Express Entry :



It is one of the most accepted path way to migrate to Canada. It is an online system which manages application of different programs. Express Entry manages three immigration programs including- Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Federal Skilled Traders Program.


This provides scores for candidates who apply to it when they found themselves eligible. The scores are given based on Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).The scores are occupied for the information given by the candidates like age, education, language skills in English or in French, and experiences in proficiency of works. The skilled works are dictated by IRCC, on the basis of National Occupational Classification system. Three levels of works, as 0, A and B are considered to be skilled works. Only the candidates having skills in these categories will get scores for that in CRS. 


By the process of regular rounds of invitation, the candidate having high score will get invitation to apply for permanent residence in Canada.



  • Provincial Nominee Program



It is a program developed for Provinces and territories of Canada, to support the challenges of regional labour market. All provinces and territories of Canada, except Nunavut and Quebec participate in this program.


PNP has two types – enhanced and base. Enhanced is aligned with Express Entry where as Base works independently.

Enhanced PNP program is made in a group of candidates applied in Express Entry. The person, who gets nomination by one of these PNPs, will get a 600 CRS points in addition to the overall score in Express Entry. This will take that particular person to the top of the list, to get a chance to get an entry to Canada through Express Entry draw.


Base PNP usually work as a chance for ineligible people for Express Entry. When you apply for immigration through base PNP, you are applying for migrating to the Provinces of Canada. If you are found suitable for it, you will get nomination to migrate to province. You can then apply for permanent residence, with your certificates, to the Federal Government of Canada.



  • Study then Work



This is one of the most popular ways of immigration to Canada among Indian students. The experiences of working received in Canada during study period generally stimulate the potential to earn more, when compared to people who directly come from other nations. Almost half of the Indian International students prefer to get permanently settled in Canada within five years of getting a student visa. Canada is one of the most wanted countries for Indian students to opt for study as well as to settle down. 


When compared to Canadian students in terms of tuition fees, international students pay more. But still, there are many opportunities to get scholarships for studying, related to the school and course we choose. Student permit is mandatory to study in Canada. This permit provides 20hours of working per one week during school days. It also gives full time working during breaks in between academic year.


Student Direct Stream is a program which speeds up the Indians to get student permit in Canada. It gives opportunity for student permit when the candidate meets eligibility criteria, like paying fees for first year’s tuition.


Post-Graduation Work Permit, shot as PGWP is a permit which allows working for any employer in Canada. It is based on the duration of the course you choose to study. If you study for one year you will get permit also for one year. PGWP is one of the permits which has high demand among candidates. 


PGWP is available only once in a lifetime. Ensuring the program which you are enrolled provide eligibility for PGWP is very important. The program must be enrolled in a Deputed Learning Institution in Canada and must have duration of at least eight months. Along with this, the candidate must need to complete full time of their academic session of the program, to work in PGWP. Along with that there are many criteria which make many international students ineligible for the permit of PGWP.



  • Canadian Work permits



Canadian work permits has two main classifications: Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and International Mobility Program (IMP).


Both TFWP and IMP differ on one criterion. TFWP asks the Canadian employer to het a Labour Market Impact Assessment (short as LMIA), which ensures that the foreign worker will not crate any harm to the workers in Canada. This LMIA acts as a way to prove that a foreign worker, who is enrolled in a Canadian labour market, can create a positive or neutral impact.


IMP usually does not need LMIA. IMP exists to encourage the objectives of various policies of Canadian government, like economic, social, culture and so on. IMP again is divided into various groups like significant benefit, Charitable and Religious workers etc.  Intra- Company Transfer is one of the examples for IMP. This program helps the people who hold certain position, to shift their branch itself to Canada. 



  • Family- class sponsorship



Canadian government provide opportunity for its citizens and permanent residents to sponsor certain members if their family. It includes their spouse, common law partner, children, parents and even grand-parents. But there are some criteria for Canadians, to sponsor their relatives- like brother, sister, aunt or uncle. Relatives, who are found to be inadmissible by criminally or medically, are not allowed to be sponsored.


Canadian government allows the people sponsor their spouse or common law partner. In order to get eligible for that sponsorship, one must become 18 years old and should have a genuine relationship with a Canadian. This Canadian partner also should have ability to give financial support to you and the children you both have in the relationship.


There is no rule for the spouse to be settled in Canada during the time of the process. If the spouse is living outside Canada the process will be completed as outland applicant. If the spouse is in Canada, IRCC will initiate inland application and will provide a spousal open work permit. 


Along with this the Canadians can sponsor their children. The Canada government allows them to sponsor children whether biological or adopted, in the same method.


The Canadians can also sponsor their parents or grandparents, to get permanent residence in Canada. Also there is another method called Super visa which gives a temporary visa. It allows parents and grandparents of Canadians to stay in Canada for about two years. 

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